This section is also a part of Kullaleden.
Along virtually the whole section, you walk alongside the
extensive cliff known as Landborgen. It extends from and through
Helsingborg. From Sofiero and southwards you walk up onto the
plateau and in between times have a good view out over the Öresund
strait. Landborgen consists of solid rock and the virtually
vertical cliff was chiselled out by the salty waves and currents of
an ancient sea. The sea level at that time, 4000-7000 years ago,
was 6-7 metres higher. The transversal ravines you pass were
already in existence at that time.
By Kulla Gunnarstorp you walk alongside a shoreline which has
attracted attention - clearly unusually beautiful and created soon
after the last Ice Age. At Hälsovägen you pass Sofiakällan, the
only spring in Sweden with salty water. The salt comes from a salty
crust which originates from the Triassic period, when the desert
climate caused the water to evaporate from the ground.
Species rich woodland areas can be found at Kulla Gunnarstorp and
This section contains manor houses in a class of their own.
Sofiero is open to visitors and has an impressive park with some 10
000 rhododendron plants. It was built in the 1860s as a summer
manor house for King Oscar II and his wife Sofia.
South of the manor of Kulla Gunnarstorp there is an associated
water mill, one of the largest and oldest of the Dutch type in
In the bedrock around Helsingborg there is coal and clay, which
were used historically for different purposes. At Pålsjö, coal was
mined as early as the 1500s and the discovery of clay which could
be fired contributed to the development of the first porcelain
factory in southern Sweden around 1770, Pålsjö fajansfabrik.
The town of Helsingborg is situated at Öresund's "helsing" or
throat and originates from the Viking period. The strategic
position meant that the town became one of the most important
strongholds in Scandinavia in the Middle Ages.
Several springs gush out from the cliffs of Landborg and a few of
them have attracted people to travel long distance for a few drops.
The oldest known spring was a sacrificial well closer to the coast;
St George's spring. Further up the slope, you can find the salty
Sofiakällan (Sofia's Spring), the iron-rich Hälsan and Ramlösa with
its unusual mineral content.