Section: 7 Vantalängan - Verkasjön

A small but well-worn path takes you up and down steep slopes. The sound of running water accompanies you on your walk. The section provides geological treats, extraordinary countryside and the largest alum processing plant in Scandinavia. This section is part of a circular route of 37 km.

Morning in shelter close to the lake Verkasjön.<br />
                                    Photo: Johan HammarPhoto: Johan HammarPhoto: Lena Arenbo
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A small but well-worn path takes you up and down steep slopes. The sound of running water accompanies you on your walk. The section provides geological treats, extraordinary countryside and the largest alum processing plant in Scandinavia. This section is part of a circular route of 37 km.

Nature

In a glade surrounded by woodland and water, there is a little cottage called Vantalängan. Climb over the stream and visit the woodland of Lindskogen to the east. Here you can find almost all of the Swedish broadleaved trees; oak, beech, hornbeam, elm, ash and of course lime.
The Trail follows the River Verkeån, through a deep valley where the sides are clad with species rich beech woodland and butterbur grows closer to the river. There are unusual small animals living in the river and trout breeds here. You may also see white throated dipper, grey wagtail and kingfisher along the river. At Hallamölla you can see the highest waterfall in Sweden which is 23 metres high.
After the winding footpath along the bottom of the valley, the Trail starts to climb up. The lush broadleaved woodland is replaced by dry pastures with a view over the river. At the alum works, 500 million year old alum shale is exposed along with many fossils. One centimetre of shale is equivalent to 2000 years.

Cultural History

The power of the large waterfall in the river was used to grind corn, and here you can find the well-preserved mill of Hallamölla. It was first mentioned in 1491 and was in use up until 1949.
On the grazed hill to the northeast of the alum works, there was a court house with a flogging post and prison cells. The most common crime which came to course was theft of wood within the Verkalinjen (The Verka Line), the area of woodland within a 20 km radius that the factory had a right to use.
The alum works was once the largest industry in Skåne and in the middle of the 1700s, some 900 people lived here. At the time, the ground was bare and the smoke was thick and yellow. You pass by factory buildings such as the stables and hospital. There are also obvious remains of the boiler house, storage barn and red slag heaps. There is also an underground canal here.
The story of the alum factory and Christinehof began in 1635 when Jochum Beck slept and dreamt about a buried treasure. In the morning he found the black shale. He laid the foundations for the factory, but it flourished under the ownership of Christina Piper. Building of the manor began in 1737. Today there is an ecopark around the manor.

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